In key cryptographic equipment (key exchange, key negotiation), there is a process or protocol, with a common secret for two parties, for the next cryptographic use, usually for encrypted communications. Operating techniques can be key agreements or important transportation systems. In an important agreement, both sides contribute to the negotiation of common secrecy. Examples of important agreements are Diffie-Hellman (DHKE) and Elliptic-Curve Diffie-Hellman (ECDH). en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Key-agreement_protocol protocol to the password agreement requires the separate implementation of a password (which may be smaller than a key) in a way that is both private and integrity. These are designed to withstand man-in-the-middle and other active attacks on the password and established keys. For example, DH-EKE, SPEKE and SRP are Diffie-Hellman password authentication variants. Key exchange protocols are designed to resolve the problem of a secret key between two or more parties, without an unauthorized party intercepting, deducing or otherwise receiving it. Key equipment can be roughly divided into key traffic and key agreements.
By designing key exchange schemes, cryptographic keys exchange securely between two parties, so that no one else can get a copy of the keys. Typically, at the beginning of an encrypted conversation (z.B. during the TLS Handshake phase), the parties first negotiate the encryption keys (common secrets) to be used during the conversation. Key exchange systems are really an important topic in modern cryptography, since keys are exchanged hundreds of times of millions of devices and servers on the Internet. A widespread mechanism for repelling these attacks is the use of digitally signed keys, which must be secured for integrity: if Bob`s key is signed by a trusted third party guarantor of his identity, Alice can have great confidence that a signed key she receives is not an attempt to intercept Eve. If Alice and Bob have an infrastructure with public keys, they can digitally sign a Diffie Hellman key or exchange a Diffie Hellman public key. These signed keys, sometimes signed by a certification body, are one of the primary mechanisms used for secure web data traffic (including DEE, SSL or Transport Layer Security protocols). Other specific examples are: MQV, YAK and the ISAKMP component of the IPsec protocol suite for securing internet protocol communications. However, these systems require care to support consistency between identity information and public keys by certification bodies in order to function properly. Many key exchange systems have a part that generates the key and simply sends that key to the other party — the other party has no influence on the key.