In a bilateral context or an “investment guarantee agreement” (IGA), the IIA (also known as the ILO bilateral investment agreement) promotes greater investment flows between two signatory states and sets standards for the protection of investments made in one country by investors from the other country. International tax treaties focus on the elimination of double taxation, but can, at the same time, treat relatives as the prevention of tax evasion. Unlike investment protection, investment promotion provisions are rarely formally included in AI and, if so, these provisions generally remain non-binding. Nevertheless, improving the formal protection offered to foreign investors through an I2 should encourage and encourage cross-border investment. The benefits of higher foreign investment are significant for developing countries that wish to use foreign investment and IDAMIT as instruments to improve their economic development. Keywords – The mapping structure that is displayed in the “Select Awarded Contract Elements” tab is a “table of materials” that contains all the elements of the contract. It corresponds to the typical structure of an AI. – The elements of the illustrated contract are elements of an investment contract mapped as part of the IIA mapping project. The number of contract elements represented exceeds 100. Each associated item has a set of pre-defined assignment options from which you can choose.
– Mapping options indicate the approach of the contract for the corresponding element of the contract. Mapping options may be “yes/no” or specify the approach to the contract (for example. B the type of fair and equitable treatment clause (FET) – qualified/unqualified/unqualified/none, etc.). Each element of the contract includes the “Inconclusive” and “Not applicable” options. The guidelines are “a reaffirmation of the fundamental investment principles that were defined in 1972 by the economy as the main beneficiary of further economic development.” The ICC hopes “these guidelines will be useful to both investors and governments to create a more conducive environment for cross-border investment and to more clearly understand their common responsibilities and opportunities to realize the enormous potential of cross-border investment for common global growth.” The 2012 update “maintains the proven construction of the 1972 guidelines, which separately outline the responsibilities of the investor, the home government and the host government.” In addition, an introduction was added in the update to provide attitudes and context, and chapters on work, taxation, competitive neutrality and corporate responsibility were updated or added.  Countries enter into operating agreements primarily designed to protect and indirectly encourage foreign investment and, increasingly, to liberalize these investments. The IIAs provide companies and individuals of contracting parties with enhanced security and security under international law when they invest or set up a business in other countries parties to the agreement. Reducing the investment risk associated with an IGE is designed to encourage businesses and individuals to invest in the country that AI has concluded. In this context, it is important to allow foreign investors to settle disputes with the host country through international arbitrations and not just through the host country`s national courts. However, despite this potential for development-friendly benefits, the changing complexity of the IGE system can also create challenges.
Among other things, the complexity of the current I2 network makes it difficult for countries to maintain political coherence. The provisions agreed in one IGE may be incompatible with those of another IGE.